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تاریخ :
سه شنبه - ۱۴ آذر - ۱۴۰۲
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According to available documents, in 1932 upon the order of the then minister of Economic Affairs and Finance the first transportation guild started to form. In this very year, numerous meetings, which participated all owners and managers of transportation companies, were held.

Although these meetings ended fruitless, owners and managers of transportation companies felt the necessity of establishing a guild because of the ever-increasing level of communication. Therefore they managed to establish the nationwide trade union of transportation. In 1932 this very union was registered in office of registration of documents and after a while enacting the law of chambers of commerce and their affiliated associations, transportation guild was placed among chamber of commerce-affiliated guilds. 
Until 1988 these constitutions were the main transportation conductors, however, regarding the rule of changing the name, Ministry of Roads and Transportation claimed that transportation guild is the administrator of transportation throughout the country that led to disputes between the union and the Ministry of Roads and Transportation. Ultimately the Supreme Supervisory Board consented to the request of Ministry of Roads and Transportation and transportation guild was excluded from the scope of the guild system and all decisions and executions were delegated to transportation deputy of the mentioned ministry and transportation guilds were virtually closed down.

Re-formation of guilds

In 1992 transportation veterans in Tehran, who held the license of transportation syndicate issued by the Ministry of Labor, decided to register the transportation syndicate in accordance with article 131 of labor law of Islamic Republic of Iran. Following the formation of Tehran association, other associations in Mashhad, Bandar-Abbas, Chabahar, Semnan, Isfahan, and Rasht were established which played insignificant roles in managing transportation affairs until 1999. In 1999 the extending policies of the state in economy of the country paved the way for re-formation of associations for goods transportation in road transportation section. Therefore first off, Tehran association along with the then active associations such as Bandar-Abbas, Rasht, Mashhad, Chabahar, and Semnan associations formed three committees which included:
A.    The committee: to investigate product liability insurance, drivers’ insurance, fees charged by transportation institute and companies, and to determine the freight rate 
B.    The coordination committee: to coordinate associations of transportation companies and guide the counties which were yet to proceedto form associations

C.    The committee: to check for worn-out fleets and their substitution with the new ones

Therefore motivating investment in transportation sector and extending the domain of transportation companies were on committees’ agendas. These committees’ activities led to development of the institute statute and it was sent to associations. After carrying out the final opinion poll at the first public assembly of trade associations of transportation companies and institutions, which was held at Zomorod hall of Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs of Tehran, the statute was approved. In addition to passing the institute statute, by participation of 25 associations the board of directors and inspectors was also elected during the assembly. 
This way, the board of directors of the association of goods transportation officially started to work in this sector as the center for controlling and coordinating all active associations around the country. Also it managed to carry out fundamental measures by presenting the previous activities of the board of directors and presenting committees’ activities. These measures played significant roles in defining these constitutions within the system of transportation decision making which are mentioned in brief.

  product liability insurance

According to commercial laws, transportation companies and institutions are responsible for goods transportation and any probable losses.Unfortunately this legal challenge has caused heavy losses for transportation companies some of which encounter complicated problem because they cannot provide the compensation and win the satisfaction of goods’ owners. Since its establishment, the Institute of Transportation Associations has started continuous endeavors to make insurance companies insure liabilities of transportation companies and institutions. The result was that insurance companies were encouraged to participate to make the market competitive and the rate of liability insurance dropped over 15 times since the very beginning of the foundation of the Institute.

  Drivers’ insurance

In recent years, one of the basic difficulties drivers faced in transportation sector was their unreliable future and their families’ dilemma after their death or disability. Drivers and their families were even deprived of social security insurances for treatment and medication. Numerous plans had been carried out by Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization, none of which proved completely successful due to their manifold defects. During the last 30 months in cooperation with Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization, Co-operative Alliances, representatives of drivers, state transportation companies as well as Social Security Organization, the Institute of Transportation Companies and Institutions’ Association  has presented the plan of drivers’ self-employed insurance to Islamic Consultative Assembly which was ultimately approved by the mutual support of civil commission of Islamic Consultative Assembly, this put an end to confusions of the honorable class of drivers.  

    Decreasing tax rates

Individuals involved in transportation guild always object to high tax rates. As you know the tax rate of 33% is one of the investment barriers in this sector. Since its very establishment, the Institute of Transportation Companies and Institutions’ Association gas been a member of transportation commission of chamber of commerce so, in addition to communicating the problems with the chamber of commerce and having held common meetings with Transportation and Terminals Optrganization as well as taxation authorities, this institute finally managed to reduce the calculated tax rate from 33% to 25% in transportation sector. Attempts go on to reduce it much more.

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    Reducing fees (commissions)

The low fees assigned for transportation companies and institutions which transport domestic goods is one of the crucial challenges for these companies in such a way that today this rate is not proportional to investment costs and even the cost of investment opportunity in this sector, thus we observe unprofitability, stoppage of new investment entrance, and even the exit of available investments. Accordingly, one of the central measures was carrying out the survey of determining the commission of transportation companies throughout the recent year. After being reviewed, the results of the mentioned survey has now been compiled which would be delivered to authorities of Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization.

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   Reforming bills of lading (omitting unnecessary copies of bills of lading)

During recent years, bills of lading had turned to a lever for collecting claims. Spending their time and money, operators and the individuals involved in transportation had to receive the state duty and deposit it to the treasury. On the other hand, multiple state duty provisions added within the bill of lading have laid the ground for issuing fake bills of lading and misusing them to evade paying the duties. By efforts of the Institute with the assistance and partnership of Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization during the last year, they managed to omit the copies related to Social Security Organization and Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance.

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  Institute participation in Commission of article 12

Commission of article 12 is a reference to deal with violations of transportation companies and institution. Although in the past representatives of the guild had no role in decision making, today thanks to the coordination between the institute and Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization, one of the three members elected by the undersecretary and the chairman of Transportation Organization  is the chairman of Institute of Transportation  Companies and Institutions.

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   A suggestion for building transportation planned towns instead of constructing state-style terminals

Once approved by Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization, all associations that can afford to buy a private terminal or construct a transportation planned town, can either purchase or build a private terminal or a transportation planned town, provided that they are coordinated and confirmed by the Institute. Planned towns of Tehran transportation companies and institutions, with an estimated cost of 330 billion Rials as the biggest planned town of the Middle East, and also transportation planned towns of Ahwaz and Zanjan have started their activity. Ardebil transportation planned town is also about to launch its construction.

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    Examining the deficiencies of commercial laws

Member associations previously polled over the announced law, with the legal office of Iran Transportation and Terminals Organization, we are determined to resolve this problem.

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   Short-term training courses for transportation management
The first course was held in Tehran. Currently, it is being taught in Bandar-Abbas. We hope to continue

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   Coordination between town associations and Provincial Organization of Terminals

Previously in some cases there used to be in-coordination between some associations and the Organization. As the authorities of the organization commanded to dispatch Institute representatives and managers of Transportation Organization started to cooperate, this problem was also eradicated.

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  Having a close connection with the Institute of Drivers’ Association and eliminating tensions and misunderstandings between the twoinstitutes

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   Public relation function

Following the formation of Institute of Transportation Companies and Institutions’ Association, its public relations section started its work. The public relations, as a connecting bridge between the institute and the mass media, have made a constant attempt to reflect Institute ideas via the media up to now. On the other hand, public relations of the Institute reflects the ideas of individuals involved in transportation and announces the new policies via the journal of “The Voice of the Institute”[Seday-e-Kanoon]. Being more generously supported by members we hope to issue the journal regularly.

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  Cooperating with Terminals Organization to delegate responsibilities to private sector

One of the main objectives of establishing guilds is to delegate state tenures to individuals involved in private sector. Accordingly, constant attempts by the Institute have paved the way to delegate some duties to associations including running baggage announcement areas, distributing bills of lading, investigating qualification of applicants for establishing transportation companies, etc.

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    Institute membership in Supreme Institute of Employment

Upon attempts of the Institute, the representative of this constitution managed to obtain the majority of votes in the first round of Institute elections and he was elected as the chairman of Supreme Institute of Employment. Moreover, in the second round the representative of the Institute was elected as the vice-chairman of the Supreme Institute.

- 15
     Omitting 4% freight rate  deduction

By attempts of the Institute, the rule of 4% freight rate deduction, which according to the 2013 budget law had to be provided from freight rate to develop rail transportation, was canceled.
Future prospects:
In order to promote the role of  guilds in decision making and resolving problems facing the industry, the Institute of Transportation

Companies and Institutions’ Association has developed major objectives for the future of transportation industry among which the

followings can be mentioned:

Developing a strategic plan to economize investment in transportation industry
•    Consulting with authorities of banking systems and Iran Transpiration and Terminals Organization to renovate the fleet
•    Promoting the role of guilds in transportation policies
•    Attempting to take possessive state responsibilities 
•    Motivating and introducing the transportation sector in order to absorb investments of the private sector for constructing transportation planned towns
•    Motivating and introducing the transportation sector in order to absorb investments of the private sector for constructing transportation planned towns
•    Having held training courses for managers of transportation companies
•    Having held  specialized conferences at regional and national levels

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شما اینجا هستید: خانه History